Varanasi City Information

Quick Overview:

Varanasi also known as Benares or Banaras and Kashi, is a historical city in northern India. The city is sacred to Hindus and also one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.

Book Tour

Varanasi Tour Guide

Varanasi was known as Kashi in the ancient times and as Benaras more recently. The city is more than 3000 years old and is believed to be one of the oldest living cities in the world. It is much sacred to Hindus for centuries and according to Hindu mythology, those who die in Kashi gain instant salvation and freedom from the cycle of births and deaths. It is situated on the bank of the holy river Ganges, known as 'Ganga' in this region and its worshippers are said to be the upholders of the true Hinduism, who are known to keep the Hindu traditions and rituals alive. The city got the name 'Benaras' due to mis-pronunciation of 'Varanasi' by the British. The city is the house of one of the twelve famous 'Jyotirlingas'.

It is considered an important seat of learning and knowledge, especially when it comes to Hindi, Sanskrit and Hindu philosophy in its purest form. There are hundreds and thousands of temples in the city that can be seen every few steps and in every home along with a number of schools and colleges. Brahmins of Kashi who had the duty and privilege to be well versed in scriptures and spread their knowledge to the common people are the most venerated. Banaras Hindu University is still one of the best institutions of India and churns out some of the cream of the Indian society. Arts and crafts of Varanasi are famous too, especially the Benarasi silk sarees with broad brocade work done in gold and silver threads that are essential part of the Indian bridal trousseaus. Music and dance has also flourished well in the city.

Varanasi Tourism

Places to visit

Varanasi is known as the City of Lord Shiva because it is considered as the city was created by the Hindu diety Lord Shiva before thousands of years. Varanasi city has become one of the most crowded destinations for pilgrims in India. There is a general belief that the Varanasi city stands on the “Trishool” (Trident) of Lord Shiva.

Ghats:
Varanasi city has a lot of ghats with their religious values as it is located at the bank of the river Gange. Ghats are the most peaceful and eye-catching place to visit. People generally enjoy visiting the ghats by sitting in a boat and see ghats one by one. Ghats are the important places of ritual beliefs where people carry out ritual ablutions. Around 84 ghats at the bank of the river Ganga are welcoming the city and increase its value of attraction. Some of the most important ghats of religious importance are Assi Ghat, Dashashwamedh Ghat, Manikarnika Ghat, Tulsi Ghat, Panchganga Ghat, Harishchandra Ghat, etc.

Sarnath: It is the great place where Lord Buddha had given his first sermon to his followers after getting the enlightenment. An attractive museum, Deer Park, Stupas at the Sarnath increases its beauty.

Ram Nagar Fort: It is located at the other bank of the River Gange which can be easily reachable by crossing the pool. This is the huge fort of the King of Kashi known as the Kashi Naresh.

Temples:

  1. Kashi Vishwanath Temple
  2. Sankat Mochan Temple
  3. Tulsi Manas Temple
  4. Kaal Bhairav Temple
  5. Nepali Hindu Temple
  6. Markandey Mahadev Temple
  7. Mrityunjay Mahadev Temple
  8. Vyasa Temple
  9. Vishalakshi Temple
  10. Tilbhandeshwar Temple
  11. Durga Temple
  12. Annapurna Temple
  13. Sankatha Temple
  14. Bharat Mata Temple
  15. New Vishwanath Temple
  16. Gauri Matha Temple
How to Reach:

By Air: Nearest airport is the Babatpur Airport, 22 km from the city, with daily flights to and from Agra, Bhuvaneshwar, Calcutta, Delhi, Khajuraho, Mumbai and Lucknow.

By Train: Varanasi is an important and major rail junction and trains connect it to all the major cities of India including Delhi and Mumbai.

By Road: Smooth good road network and National Highways connect Varanasi to and from Calcutta, Delhi, Kanya Kumari and Gorakhpur.